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Temperate Rainforest Biome
Tropical Rainforest Biome
Temperate Rainforest Biome
Approximately 87% of the original North American Temperate Rainforests have been destroyed(Cavendish). A report in 1992 estimated a total of 80-100 million acres of coastal Temperate Rainforests, less than half of that exists today. To try and stop this Ecotrust and Conservation International support studies of coastal Temperate Rainforests (Gay).
A small creek runs smoothly over large rocks over grown with moss, somewhere in the Temperate Rainforests.
Temperate Rainforests stretch across from the beginning of Europe to the end of Asia and is partly in Russia. It also covers parts of the west coast and partially the midwest.(Cavendish)
The Word Temperate itself means “of mild temperature”.
This region’s title very much describes its climate. The temperatures in the Temperate Rainforest rarely drop below freezing during the winter, and irregularly exceed 80° during the summer months.
Most forests receive 50-60 inches of rainfall a year, but some forest may receive more.
There are certain trees that can only be found in a Temperate Rainforest.
Some of these are the
Sitka Spruce, and the Western Hemlock.
The Sitka Spruce is
the world’s largest spruce, with tall, a straight trunk, and horizontal branches. They can reach up 160 feet tall, and up-
wards of 5 feet in diameter.
The Western Hemlock is also
the tallest in its family.
These trees can reach any-
where from 100
and only grow to be 3 or 4
Animals Of The Temperate Rainforest
The temperate rainforest has a large amount of resources, which enables a wide variety of animals to make this biome their home. The primary consumers include common animals such as squirrels, chipmunks, moles, and many other small rodents. Other primary consumers include birds, deer, elk, and fish. Like many other biomes, there is also a large amount of insects and small reptiles/amphibians; these include snakes, frogs, and mosquitoes. These consumers mainly eat the contents of the understory layer of this biome, which consists of things such as berries, seeds, grass, mushrooms, and shrubs.
The secondary consumers also find most of their food within the understory. A few examples of the temperate rainforest’s secondary consumers are shrews, birds, weasels, raccoons and owls. Larger more dangerous consumers include wolves, bears, foxes, and cougars.
Rainfall: high rainfall (minimum 2-3 m/year, depending on latitude), usually from moisture-laden winds off the ocean. Relative proximity to the ocean: temperate rain forests depend on the proximity to the ocean to moderate seasonal variations in temperature, creating milder winters and cooler summers than continental-climate areas. Many temperate rain forests have summer fogs that keep the forests cool and moist in the hottest months. Coastal mountains: temperate rain forests occur where mountain ranges are close to the coast; coastal mountains increase rainfall on the ocean-facing slopes. The average annual rainfall in the Temperate Rainforests of the Pacific Northwest is 145 in.(Cavendish). Temperate Rainforests around the world average from 60-200 inches of rainfall per year. During the winter temperature drops in the northernmost regions, and snow and ice may occur.
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